An acquired brain injury (ABI) is an injury to the brain that is not hereditary or degenerative. There are two types of acquired brain injury: traumatic and non-traumatic.
- Typical causes of ABI include: electric shock, infectious disease, oxygen deprivation, stroke, seizures and substance abuse to name a few.
- Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a type of ABI caused by trauma to the brain from an external force. Leading causes of TBI include falling, being struck by something, motor vehicle accidents and assault.
Brain injury can change the way a person thinks, acts and feels – in a matter of seconds. The effects of a brain injury are complex and vary greatly from person to person.